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  • Landsat 8 Satellite


Japanese Barberry
Multiflora Rose

(Images by Chris Evans, U. of Illinois)


(Source: Berberis thunbergii - Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, and Rosa multiflora -Rob Routledge, Sault College,

Infested Areas
(Source of Rosa multiflora :


The goal of this study is to determine the value of producing statewide maps for Japanese Barberry (Berberis thunbergii) and Multiflora Rose (Rosa multiflora) utilizing medium resolution satellite imagery from Sentinel-2/Landsat. Early spring is the best period to use remote sensing imagery to monitor both populations, according to their distinctive phenological signals using normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI). The extended leaf phenology of the invasive plants allows researchers to distinguish invasive plant leaves from the native canopy, before the upper canopy closes using early spring (leaf-off) images.


UConn Fenton Tract showing understory plants leafing out before the canopy closes mid-May, 2018. Drone video credit: Dr. Nancy Marek, Founder of BirdHabitatBot.

In this study, we will create a machine learning based approach to map two invasive plant species using Sentinel/Landsat time series imagery. To gather reference data for machine learning model training/validation and accuracy assessment, we will work closely with a variety of stakeholders, including Connecticut DEEP (Department of Energy and Environmental Protection), CIPWG (Connecticut Invasive Plant Working Group), UConn forestry extension, UConn agricultural experiment station, land trusts, and other conservation organizations. Maps of invasive plant species will be shared as ArcGIS StoryMaps. A GitHub repository will make training data, machine learning models, and open-source pipelines available to multiple users. The results of this will support invasive plant management activities in Connecticut's forests.

NDVI map of UConn, Storrs Connecticut. Sentinel-2 image acquired on March 23, 2021



Fresh water bodies are one of the important features of the natural resources in the Connecticut which provide habitat for wildlife, drinking water, and recreation. Eutrophication is one of the alarming challenges, that Connecticut experiences. Eutrophication is a natural or a man-made scenario which happens due to the accumulation of excessive amounts of nutrients like nitrogen and cyanobacterial blooms are one of the visual indicators of the phenomenon.  Since 2004 till the present, the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station (CAES) has conducted surveys of lakes throughout CT. Connecticut's first cyanobacterial bloom was noted in 2012. In this study,  a device known as a secchi disk is used by the Connecticut Agriculture Experiment Station to gauge the transparency of water. The secchi disk measures depth by first being lowered into the water until it is no longer discernible. The disk is then raised again via the water column. A second depth is determined after the disk is once more visible. Then, the average of the two depths is determined. These metrics aid in determining a body of water's general clarity.


The goal of this project was to have a complete assessment of Connecticut's lakes. Using satellite imagery provides a big picture of statewide lake and pond water quality by enhancing in situ measurements. In this method, water pixels were found to be spectrally distinct from most other land cover features. Pixel groups were designated and classified as belonging to the water category or not. The pixel clusters were recoded into water (class 1) and non-water (class 0). (class 1). The water pixels are subjected to a clump method to determine clusters of nearby water pixels that correspond to waterbody features. To create a feature layer of waterbodies larger than three acres, water clumps with an extent of less than three acres are sieved out of the clump layer. The original Landsat image's water pixels are extracted using this waterbody feature layer and employed in the regression model process. Final data products include Connecticut statewide water clarity estimates for the months June – September (one water clarity estimation per month), for the years 2015 – 2020. It was possible to better pinpoint potential nutrient input sources by examining the spatial distribution of algae and eutrophication inside lakes. Finding of this study will help establishing a lake water quality monitoring system to determine which lakes and ponds may need more urgent research and management to reduce impacts on water quality.


Researchers at ConnecticutView have developed Gypsy Moth caterpillar forest defoliation extent maps for Connecticut for the years 2016, 2017, and 2018. These maps were created through difference analysis of Enhanced Vegetation Indices derived from Landsat 8 and Sentinel-2 satellite imagery.Maps and images may be downloaded in the Research section in the Navigation tabs above.


to Zhiyaun Zang, a 2016 ConnecticutView Undergraduate Scholarship receipient on the publication of his paper,”Using Landsat 8 data to compare percent impervious surface area and normalized difference vegetation index as indicators of urban heat island effects in Connecticut, USA“, in the journal Environmental Earth Sciences.

Yang, Z., Witharana, C., Hurd, J. et al. Using Landsat 8 data to compare percent impervious surface area and normalized difference vegetation index as indicators of urban heat island effects in Connecticut, USA. Environ Earth Sci 79, 424 (2020).


ConnecticutView is a statewide consortium of partners interested in cultivating opportunities for state and local applications of remote sensing technology through outreach, data distribution, education, training, and research activities in Connecticut. ConnecticutView is headed by faculty in the Department of Natural Resources and the Environment at the University of Connecticut. ConnecticutView is a member of the AmericaView (AV) consortium, funded by a grant through the US Geological Survey (USGS), and works with organizations, academic institutions and government agencies in Connecticut.

RSS USGS Land Remote Sensing Program

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